Location & Population
Cyprus is located in the northeast corner of the Mediterranean, at the crossroads of Europe, Asia and Africa. The island lies 71 km south of Turkey, 105 km west of Syria, and some 800 km east of Greece.
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily and Sardinia), with an area of 9,251 sq km (3,355 sq km are in the occupied area). The island has a central plain with mountains to the north and south and scattered plains along the southern coast with total of near 650km of coastline.
Cypriots trace their origins to the descendants of the Achaean Greeks and later the Mycenaean Greeks. Turkish Cypriots are descendants of the Ottoman settlers. Religions has 78% of Greek Orthodox, 18% of Muslim and 4% of other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic). As per some statistics, composition is: Greek Cypriot Community 71,8%, Turkish Cypriot Community 9,5%, Foreign Residents 18,7%. Official language is Greek, while English is widely spoken.
Mystery and History
Cyprus History goes well in time... therefore we will start from 1489 with Venetian times... Venetians see Cyprus as a last bastion against the Ottomans in the east Mediterranean, and fortify the island tearing down lovely buildings in Nicosia to bring the city into a tight encircled area defended by bastions and a moat which can still be seen today. They also build impressive walls around Famagusta which were considered at the time as works of military art.
In 1570 troops attack Cyprus, capture Nicosia, slaughter the population (20,000) and lay siege to Famagusta for a year. After a brave defense by Venetian commander Marc Antonio Bragadin, Famagusta capitulates to the Ottoman commander Lala Mustafa, who first gives free passage to the besieged but when he sees how few they are, orders the flaying, drawing and quartering of Bragadin and puts the others to death. On annexation to the Ottoman Empire, the Latin hierarchy are expelled or converted to Islam and the Greek Orthodox faith restored; in time, the Archibishop as leader of the Greek Orthodox, becomes their representative to the Porte. When the Greek War of Independence breaks out in 1821, the Archibishop of Cyprus, Kyprianos, three bishops and hundreds of civic leaders are executed.
The main clubbing spot in Cyprus is Ayia Napa which is known internationally for its nightlife, festive atmosphere and its countless bars, pubs, discos and nightclubs. Limassol follows second on the nightlife scale followed by Paphos, Larnaca, Protaras and Nicosia.
Cyprus bars and pubs tend to close around 2.00 am whilst nightclubs and discos tend to stay open till the early hours of the morning. Most people in Cyprus do not go out before 10.00 pm. As far as nightclubs are concerned they start filling up well after midnight. There is no specific dress code for Cyprus bars and clubs. Dress smart and you will be admitted everywhere.
Cyprus has a wide variety of beaches, and everyone can find an option that is suitable for them, urban and wild, with pebbles or sand. There are many beaches assigned with blue flag status.
All the beaches on the island are municipal. This means that the entrance to any beach, including hotels’ beaches, are absolutely free. At the same time, there is th option to pay for additional services: deck chairs, umbrellas, towels (at beach hotels). Additional services at the beaches belonging to the hotels, as a rule, are free for guests.
The beaches on the island can be divided into wild, city and hotel beaches. The wild beaches are usually located away from the tourist areas, and additional services are absent; you can enjoy the beauty of pristine nature, peace and quiet there. The most popular beach in the wj=hole of Cyprus is Nissi Beach. It is a daytime clubbing hot spot.